University Of Cumbria Gibbs Model Of Reflection

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University Of Cumbria Gibbs Model Of Reflection

University Of Cumbria Gibbs Model Of Reflection

Through the use of reflection, people are able to observe, analyse and explore their own experiences which lead to the possibility of purposeful learning. The main aim and purpose of reflection is to facilitate learning through experiences (Amulya, J. 2011).

Gibbs’ (1988) created a six stage reflective cycle which is a popular model for reflection within Health and Social Care. The six stages of the reflective cycle include description, feelings, evaluation, analysis, conclusion and then action plan. Each stage needs to be complete before moving on to the next stage and once all six stages of the cycle are complete, effective reflection would be completed and the cycle starts again. The first stage of the cycle is description; this is where a description of what has happened and what will be reflected upon will be given. Feelings are the second stage of the cycle and this includes a discussion of feelings and thoughts about the experience, an example would be how did you feel about the situation at the time? The third stage is evaluation, this stage includes discussing how well or not things went and maybe what was both good and bad about the experience. Analysis is the fourth stage of Gibbs cycle, this stage includes consideration of what may have helped or hindered the situation such as an aspect of time management may have played a role in the outcome. The fifth stage of the cycle is conclusion, this stage should include the acknowledgment of what could and should have been done and also what has been learned and gained from the experience. The last stage of the cycle is an action plan; this would include areas of improvement for next time and sums up all the main points of the experience/ situation (UOC, 2013).


When reflecting on my experiences during placement, I will take Gibbs’ model of reflection into account and use it to aid me in creating an adequate account of reflection.

Amulya, J. (2011) What is Reflective Practice? Gaithersburg: Community Science. Accessed on: 06/11/13. Accessed from:

University of Cumbria (2013) Gibbs’ 1998 reflective cycle. University of Cumbria: Cumbria. Accessed on: 06/11/13. Accessed from: