University Of Greenwich Woolwich Campus

By | 13th June 2017

University Of Greenwich Woolwich Campus

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: UNIVERSITY OF GREENWICH, WOOLWICH CAMPUS: ORIGINAL BUILDING, GYMNASIUM TO REAR AND CORNER ENTRANCE RANGE WITH ATTACHED RAILINGS

List entry Number: 1390637

Location

UNIVERSITY OF GREENWICH, WOOLWICH CAMPUS: ORIGINAL BUILDING, GYMNASIUM TO REAR AND CORNER ENTRANCE RANGE WITH ATTACHED RAILINGS, CALDERWOOD STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: Greenwich

District Type: London Borough

Parish: Non Civil Parish

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 25-Sep-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 490890

University Of Greenwich Woolwich Campus

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

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Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

786/0/10162 CALDERWOOD STREET 25-SEP-03 (Southeast side) University of Greenwich, Woolwich Campus: original building, gymnasium to rear and corner entrance range with attached railings

II

Also Known As: University of Greenwich, Woolwich Campus: original building, gymnasium to rear a nd corner entrance range with attached railings, THOMAS STREET

Polytechnic. 1890-1 incorporating mid-C19 house and with gymnasium to rear, extended 1892; all by H H Church. Major addition including corner entrance, 1916-17 by T P Figgis and A E Mumby.

Façade to Calderwood Street of brick with terracotta piers and quoins, and stone details; slate roofs. Rendered rear façade of earlier house survives in courtyard at the back. Gymnasium of brick with timber roof largely hemmed in by later buildings. Corner addition of Portland stone; roof obscured behind parapet.

Plan: main range converted into a series of workshops and laboratories on two main floors with attics; large gymnasium set to rear. Corner block of three storeys and basement; it has a circular entrance hall and stairwell, with teaching and recreational rooms off.

University Of Greenwich Woolwich Campus

Main façade to Calderwood Street of seven bays with two-bay addition of 1892 to right, in same Tudor Gothic style save that there is a small tower to the extreme right, originally with cupola. Shaped gables to attic storey and small projecting oriel. Round-headed Gothic windows to ground floor in flat stone surrounds; first floor windows divided into two by sill band. Entrance in addition to right has double doors under tripartite toplight, with over it a stone plaque inscribed: WOOLWICH POLYTECHNIC YOUNG MEN’S CHRISTIAN INSTITUTE. Addition of 1916-17 of 2-1-3 bays around corner into Thomas Street. High parapet forms a tripartite composition with higher centrepieces to both Calderwood and Thomas Streets and segmental pediment on corner. Giant Ionic order to first and second floors with tripartite casement windows in stone surrounds between on both levels, swags in aprons to central second-floor windows. Channelled rustication to corner and elaborate first-floor window with carving over keystone. Round-arched windows to ground floor with keystones; Grecian style railings to basement areas. Corner entrance with steps set in rusticated surround has double doors with glazed surrounds and toplights, all with leaded glazing, set under round-arch with voussoirs and keystone topped by a lion.

Interiors: The original building simple and robust, with tiling to central corridors and timber balustrade to staircase. More elaborate is the gymnasium. This has pilasters to the walls and an open timber-truss roof with lines of posts and was originally toplit. More decoration survives behind inserted movable seating. In the corner addition, elaborate circular hallway with mosiac floor (the initials WP entwined in centre), engaged columns and dentiled cornice. Iron balustrading and timber handrails to first-floor opening and to adjoining stairs. Above the hall a dome with toplight and oeil de boeufs between pilasters. Thick timber doors to the adjoining rooms. Classroom interiors not of special interest.

University Of Greenwich Woolwich Campus

Woolwich Polytechnic was founded by Frank Didden, with the support and following the principles of his mentor Quentin Hogg, and opened to students in October 1891. It was the second Polytechnic, meaning ‘of many arts and techniques’ in the country, and like Hogg’s pioneering venture looked to combine an educational role with social and religious functions. All these elements can be seen in the architecture of Woolwich Polytechnic, uniquely. Hogg recommended that a gymnasium was the most essential ingredient of a Polytechnic, and the original name above the side door on Calderwood Street demonstrates the Christian endeavour of its founders. After the Polytechnic was refounded in 1894 it assumed a more purely educational role, concentrating increasingly on higher technical education appropriate to its location, and secured funding from the London County Council that made the more ambitious corner addition possible. This is included for its architectural splendour. The three elements form a contiguous whole at the corner of the Polytechnic’s historic town-centre site.

Sources PRO ED 83/76, 90/170, 90/447 LCC Council Minutes, 28 July 1914. Collin Brooks, An Educational Adventure, A History of the Woolwich Polytechnic, London, Woolwich Polytechnic, 1955 Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Harmondsworth, Penguin Books, 1983, p.283. A Stuart Gray, Edwardian Architecture, London, Duckworth Press, 1985 Andrew Saint, ‘Technical Education and the early LCC’ in Saint, ed., Politics and the People of London, London, Hambledon Press, 1989, pp.71-92. Thomas Hinde, An Illustrated History of the University of Greenwich, London, University of Greenwich, 1996.

University Of Greenwich Woolwich Campus

Selected Sources

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National Grid Reference: TQ 43470 78906

Map

Map
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