University Of Greenwich Referencing

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University Of Greenwich Referencing

The University of Greenwich, as with all universities, requires that students give credit to the authors of the evidence they use to support the arguments within their essays and other assignments. Many schools within the University require that students use the Harvard system of referencing (citation). This is a guide to that system giving some useful examples to which you can refer when referencing yourself.

Function 

A bibliographical reference should contain sufficient information for you or someone else to trace the information sources you have used.  It indicates that you have considered the appropriate authorities and evidence in connection with your work.  It acknowledges and gives credit to the work of others contributing to your work. N.B. You ought to follow the convention of referencing dictated by your school or tutor. This is normally the Harvard system, but may not necessarily so. Check!

Why do I need to reference?

Referencing is an important feature of academic writing. Any ideas, words or images which are not your own need to be referenced. There are a few reasons why this is so:

  • To support your arguments and give credibility to the information you present in assignments.
  • To enable your tutors to trace the sources you cite in order to check the accuracy and validity.
  • To enable your tutors and other interested readers to trace the source you cite and to use the same evidence for their own purposes.
  • To avoid the accusation of plagiarism.

University Of Greenwich Referencing

The components of the Harvard system

   The Harvard system has two main components. Firstly, there is the in-text reference. For each item of evidence that you use from an external source (a book, a journal article etc.) there is an entry that includes the author‟s family name and the year of publication of the source that the information comes from. Note that for a quotation, there will also be the number of the page that the quotation came from ()see the section on quoting below).