University of Bradford Harvard Referencing

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University of Bradford Harvard Referencing


What is referencing and citing?

Citations and References are needed in your assignments to show:

  • that you acknowledge the original creator of the work (be it a book, journal, website etc.);
  • that you have evidence to back up your argument;
  • and to enable others to investigate your area of research more fully.

Using citations and referencing properly will help you:

  • avoid plagiarism
  • increase your grades – check your marking scheme as there are marks awarded for proper referencing.

Insert a citation into the text (using whichever style of referencing you have been told to use) at the exact point where you are referring to the work. You will also need to include the full reference in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.

Full details for each style of referencing are included in the guides linked below.

Referencing style

Your faculty or division has a preferred referencing style. You should be given guidance as to which is the correct style for your course.

For guidance on referencing, contact your subject librarian or personal tutor. Alternatively, email

University of Bradford referencing styles