University of Birmingham Vancouver Referencing
Click here to open Vancouver Referencing Handbook PDF
The Vancouver System or Numbering System is commonly used in the medical and scientific disciplines. References are numbered in the text, either using superscript or within brackets, in the order in which they appear. A reference which is cited more than once is given the same number. The references are then listed at the end of the text in numerical order.
- This is a quick guide to the Vancouver (Numbering) referencing style as it is found on the Cite Them Right website. It contains only the most commonly used sources along with informaiton on how to reference using this style, along with examples of how to reference in-text and using the reference list and bibliography. It is best to print this off and use it as a booklet.
Vancouver (Numbering) Referencing Handbook (Word – 114KB)
- This is the much longer handbook for the Vancouver (Numbering) referencing style. It contains over 150 source types, along with examples of how to reference in-text and using the reference list and bibliography. This handbook allows you to effectively create your own Guide to this style, taking out the sources you will definitely never use and leaving you with a more substantial Guide than the aforementioned Quick Guide. Note: this handbook is extensive, and at nearly 100 pages long it would be unwise to print it all in full.
NOTE: Some of the examples used within this guide have been invented by Library Services staff members. Don’t be too alarmed if you click on a URL and it does not take you to the correct website!
- Vancouver Quick Referencing Guide (PDF – 216KB)
- Vancouver Referencing Handbook (Word – 114KB)
- Glossary of useful terms (PDF – 140KB)
- Sample Vancouver Referencing reference list and bibliography (PDF – 120KB)
- Vancouver Referencing hints and tips (PDF – 118KB)
- Vancouver Referencing FAQs (PDF – 103KB)