Durham University Ranking

By | 24th May 2017

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Durham University Ranking

The following rankings of British universities are produced annually:

The Complete University Guide

The Complete University Guide is compiled by Mayfield University Consultants (which had previously compiled university rankings for The Times).It was published for the first time in The Daily Telegraph in 2007, when it was known as The Good University Guide, and was produced in association with The Independent from 2008 to 2011.

The ranking uses ten criteria, with a statistical technique called the Z-transformation applied to the results of each. The ten Z-scores are then weighted (by 1.5 for student satisfaction, 0.5 for research intensity, academic services spend and facilities spend, and 1.0 for the rest) and summed to give a total score for each university. These total scores are then transformed to a scale where the top score is set at 1,000, with the remainder being a proportion of the top score. The ten criteria are:

  • “Academic services spend” – the expenditure per student on all academic services (data source: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA));
  • “Degree completion” – a measure of the completion rate of students (data source: HESA);
  • “Entry standards” – the average UCAS tariff score of new students under the age of 21 (data source: HESA);
  • “Facilities spend” – the expenditure per student on staff and student facilities (data source: HESA);
  • “Good honours” – the proportion of firsts and upper seconds (data source: HESA);
  • “Graduate prospects” – a measure of the employability of graduates (data source: HESA);
  • “Research assessment” – a measure of the average quality of research (data source: 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF));
  • Research intensity – a measure of the fraction of staff who are research-active (data sources: HESA & REF);
  • “Student satisfaction” – a measure of the view of students on the teaching quality (data source: the National Student Survey); and
  • “Student:staff ratio” – a measure of the average staffing level (data source: HESA).

The most recent league table (2018) ranked the top 50 (out of 129) British universities as follows:

Rank (1-10) University Rank (11-20) University Rank (21-30) University Rank (31-40) University Rank (41-50) University
1 University of Cambridge 11 University of Bath 21 King’s College London 31 University of Sheffield 41 University of Liverpool
2 University of Oxford 12 University of East Anglia 22 University of Manchester 32 University of Essex 42 City University
3 University of St Andrews 13 University of Surrey =23 University of Edinburgh 33 QMUL 43 Coventry University
4 London School of Economics =14 University of Exeter =23 Newcastle University 34 Royal Holloway =44 Swansea University
5 Imperial College London =14 University of Leeds 25 University of Kent 35 QUB =44 University of Strathclyde
6 Durham University 16 University of Birmingham =26 University of Southampton =36 University of Glasgow 46 Harper Adams University
7 University College London 17 University of Bristol =26 University of Reading =36 Cardiff University 47 Brunel University
8 University of Warwick 18 University of Nottingham 28 Heriot-Watt University 38 SOAS 48 Keele University
9 Lancaster University 19 University of Sussex 29 University of Dundee 39 Stirling University 49 Aston University
10 Loughborough University 20 University of York 30 University of Leicester 40 University of Aberdeen 50 University of Lincoln

The Guardian

The Guardian’s ranking uses eight different criteria, each weighted between 5 and 17 per cent. Unlike other annual rankings of British universities, the criteria do not include a measure of research output. A “value-added” factor is included which compares students’ degree results with their entry qualifications, described by the newspaper as being “[b]ased upon a sophisticated indexing methodology that tracks students from enrolment to graduation, qualifications upon entry are compared with the award that a student receives at the end of their studies”.[1] Tables are drawn up for subjects, with the overall ranking being based on an average across the subjects rather than on institutional level statistics. The eight criteria are:

  • “Entry score” (17%);
  • “Feedback” – as rated by graduates of the course (5%);
  • “Job prospects” (17%) (data source: Destination of Leavers from Higher Education);
  • “Overall quality” – final-year students opinions about the overall quality of their course (data source: the National Student Survey);
  • “Spending per student” (17%);
  • “Staff/student ratio” (17%);
  • “Teaching quality” – as rated by graduates of the course (10%) (data source: the National Student Survey); and
  • “Value added” (17%).

The most recent league table (2018) ranked the top 50 (out of 121) British universities as follows:

Rank (1-10) University Rank (11-20) University Rank (21-30) University Rank (31-40) University Rank (41-50) University
1 University of Cambridge =10 University of Surrey 21 University for the Creative Arts =30 Newcastle University =40 Royal Holloway
2 University of Oxford 12 Coventry University 22 University of Kent =32 University of Falmouth 42 University of Cardiff
3 University of St Andrews 13 University of Exeter 23 University of Glasgow =32 City University 43 University of Leicester
4 Durham University 14 University of Leeds 24 University of Dundee 34 Nottingham Trent University 44 QMUL
5 University of Bath =15 London School of Economics 25 SOAS 35 University of Southampton 45 Swansea University
=6 Imperial College London =15 University of Birmingham 26 Heriot-Watt University 36 University of Keele 46 University of Aberdeen
=6 Loughborough University 17 University of York 27 University of Bristol 37 University of Portsmouth 47 University of Lincoln
8 University of Warwick 18 University of East Anglia 28 University of Manchester 38 Queen’s University, Belfast =48 University of Essex
9 Lancaster University 19 University of Nottingham 29 University of Reading 39 King’s College London =48 Northumbria University
=10 University College London 20 University of Sussex =30 University of Edinburgh =40 University of Sheffield 50 Oxford Brookes University

The Times/The Sunday Times

The Times/The Sunday Times university league table, known as the Good University Guide, is published in both electronic and print format and ranks institutions using the following eight criteria:

  • “Student satisfaction (+50 to -55 points)” – the results of national student surveys are scored taking a theoretical minimum and maximum score of 50% and 90% respectively (data source: the National Student Survey);
  • “Teaching excellence (250)” – defined as: subjects scoring at least 22/24 points, those ranked excellent, or those undertaken more recently in which there is confidence in academic standards and in which teaching and learning, student progression and learning resources have all been ranked commendable (data source: Quality Assurance Agency; Scottish Higher Education Funding Council; Higher Education Funding Council for Wales);
  • “Heads’/peer assessments (100)” – school heads are asked to identify the highest-quality undergraduate provision (data source: The Sunday Times heads’ survey and peer assessment);
  • “Research quality (200)” – based upon the most recent Research Assessment Exercise (data source: Higher Education Funding Council for England (Hefce));
  • “A-level/Higher points (250)” – nationally audited data for the subsequent academic year are used for league table calculations (data source: HESA);
  • “Unemployment (100)” – the number of students assume to be unemployed six months after graduation is calculated as a percentage of the total number of known desbefore completing their courses is compared with the number expected to do so (the benchmark figure shown in brackets) (data source: Hefce, Performance Indicators in Higher Education).

Other criteria considered are:

  • “Completion” – the percentage of students who manage to complete their degree;
  • “Entry standards” – the average UCAS tariff score (data source: HESA);
  • “Facilities spending” – the average expenditure per student on sports, careers services, health and counselling;
  • “Good honours” – the percentage of students graduating with a first or 2.1;
  • “Graduate prospects” – the percentage of UK graduates in graduate employment or further study (data source: HESA’s survey of Destination of Leavers from Higher Education (DLHE));
  • “Library and computing spending” – the average expenditure on library and computer services per student (data source: HESA);
  • “Research” (data source: 2008 Research Assessment Exercise);
  • “Student satisfaction” (data source: National Student Survey); and
  • “Student-staff ratio” (data source: HESA).

Summary of National Rankings

The following universities rank in the top 10 in at least one of the 2017/18 national rankings; the table is ordered according to the Times Higher Education Table of Tables (2017):

University THE Table of Tables (2017) Complete (2018) Guardian (2018) #a
University of Cambridge 1 1 1
3c
University of Oxford 2 2 2
3c
University of St Andrews 3 3 3
3c
Imperial College London 4= 5 6=
3
Durham University 4= 6 4
3
Loughborough University 6 10 6=
2
London School of Economics 7 4 15
2
University of Warwick 8 8 8
3
Lancaster University 9 9 9
3
University of Surrey 10 13 10=
1
University College London 11 7 10=
3
University of Exeter 12= 14 13
1
University of Bath 12= 11 5
1

Notes:
a Number of times the university is ranked within the top 10 of one of the three national rankings.
b The university is ranked within the top 5 of all three national rankings.
c The university is ranked within the top 3 of all three national rankings.

Disparity with global rankings

It has been commented by The Sunday Times that a number of universities which regularly feature in the top ten of British university league tables, such as St Andrews and LSE (in the case of LSE 3rd to 13th nationally whilst only 327th in the US News & World Report Rankings / 35th in the QS Rankings / 23rd in the THE Rankings), “inhabit surprisingly low ranks in the worldwide tables”, whilst other universities such as Manchester and KCL “that failed to do well in the domestic rankings have shone much brighter on the international stage”.[18] The considerable disparity in rankings has been attributed to the different methodology and purpose of global university rankings such as the Academic Ranking of World Universities, QS World University Rankings and Times Higher Education World University Rankings. International university rankings primarily use criteria such as academic and employer surveys, the number of citations per faculty, the proportion of international staff and students and faculty and alumni prize winners. When size is taken into account, LSE ranks second in the world out of all small to medium-sized specialist institutions (after ENS Paris) and St Andrews ranks second in the world out of all small to medium-sized fully comprehensive universities (after Brown University) using metrics from the QS Intelligence Unit in 2015. The national rankings, on the other hand, give most weighting to the undergraduate student experience, taking account of teaching quality and learning resources, together with the quality of a university’s intake, employment prospects, research quality and dropout rates.

The disparity between national and international league tables has caused some institutions to offer public explanations for the difference. LSE for example states on its website that ‘we remain concerned that all of the global rankings – by some way the most important for us, given our highly international orientation – suffer from inbuilt biases in favour of large multi-faculty universities with full STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) offerings, and against small, specialist, mainly non-STEM universities such as LSE.’

British Universities in Global Rankings

The following universities rank in the top 100 of at least two global rankings:

University QS World (2016/17) THE World (2016/17) ARWU World (2016) CWTS Leiden (2017) #a
University of Cambridge 4 4 4 21
4c
University of Oxford 6 1 7 16
4c
University College London 7 15 17 26
4b
Imperial College London 9 8 22 33
4b
King’s College London 21 36 50 34
4b
University of Edinburgh 19 27 41 51
4
University of Manchester 29 55 35 101
3
London School of Economics 37 25 151-200 58
3
University of Bristol 41 71 57 47
4
University of Warwick 51 82 151-200 73
3
University of Glasgow 63 88 151-200 82
3
Durham University 74 96 201-300 74
3
University of St Andrews 77 110 301-400 94
2
University of Leeds 93 133 101-150 100
2

Notes: